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Democracy Without Borders

Democracy Without Borders (Engels voor Democratie zonder grenzen) is een organisatie voor democratie op wereldschaal. Democracy Without Borders vervult een centrale rol in de Campagne voor een parlementaire vergadering bij de VN (UNPA Campaign).

Het hoofdkantoor is gevestigd in Berlijn. DWB is aangesloten bij de World Federalist Movement als “geassociëerde organisatie”.

Democracy Without Borders is sinds begin 2017 de voortzetting van het Comité voor een democratische VN (Committee for a Democratic United Nations, KDUN) dat sinds 2003 actief was.

www : democracywithoutborders.org
e-mail : contact@democracywithoutborders.org

Democratic World Federalists

Democratic World Federalists (Democratische wereldfederalisten, DWF) is een vereniging die streeft naar democratisch federaal wereldbestuur. De groep benadrukt dat er verschillende wegen mogelijk zijn naar een wereldfederatie.

De organisatie werd in 2004 gevormd uit de afdeling voor Noord-Californië (WFA-NCa) van de Amerikaanse wereldfederalistische organisatie World Federalist Association (WFA-USA). Sinds 2005 wordt de naam Democratic World Federalists gebruikt. Het kantoor van DWF bevindt zich in San Francisco, maar de groep heeft leden in vijf continenten.

DWF is bij de World Federalist Movement aangesloten als “geassociëerde organisatie”.

www : dwfed.org


Op de Engelstalige Wikipedia :

Democratic World Federalists

Democratic World Federalists
Democratic World Federalists (logo).jpg
Motto World Peace with Justice through Democratically Enacted, Enforceable World Law.
Founded January 28, 2004
Type Non-profit
Location
Fields Advocating democratic world federation
Website http://www.dwfed.org

Democratic World Federalists, a civil society organization based in San Francisco with supporters worldwide, advocates a democratic federal system of world government in order to end war and crimes against humanity and to promote “a just world community and the preservation of a livable and healthful global environment” through the development of enforceable world law. It is affiliated with the Coalition for Democratic World Government, the Community of World Citizens, and the World Federalist Movement.

Antecedents of a democratic, federal system of world government

Although the organization was incorporated as an independent public-benefit educational organization in California on 28 January 2004, its origins go back in history.

Far from world federation being a phenomenon of the 20th Century, among intellectuals around the world Dante, Penn, Paine, Kant, and K’ang emphasized the necessity of unity and peace of humankind.

Democracy, as the principle for legitimizing the government of the people, began to flourish in ancient Athens. It developed further in the city-states of the Swiss confederation and the town meetings in colonial New England. By the 1780s a democratic federation was created in the United States following the American Revolution, with Tom Paine, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Wilson as leading proponents through the Declaration of Independence and the Federal Constitution. Soon afterwards, the French Revolution produced the French Republic and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, as it, too, attempted to end rule by monarchy, landed aristocracy, and clergy but unified competing interests into a unitary state.

During the 1930s and 1940s numerous attempts were made locally, nationally, and regionally by courageous pioneers to prevent the outbreak and spread of war and to mobilize initiatives and forces favoring a World Federation. In 1938—1939 Federal Union was launched in the United Kingdom and the U.S.A.

In April 1942 high-school student Harris Wofford Jr., formed the Student Federalists. It rapidly grew into a national organization with thousands of members from secondary and university students, later including young veterans returning from World War-II. (Several were among the founders of Democratic World Federalists sixty years later.)

In 1945-46 a Hungarian news agency head, Emery Reves, published the seminal The Anatomy of Peace, which declared that sovereignty lay with the citizens, who could delegate powers to governments at all levels, including the global level. This turned on thousands to the idea of a world federation.

In February 1947 a number of world federalist and world government representatives met in Asheville, North Carolina, and formed the United World Federalists.

In 1946-47 representatives of early world federalist groups met first in Luxembourg, then in Montreux, Switzerland, formed the World Movement for World Federal Government, and issued the Montreux Declaration, which declared the need for world federal government if wars were ever to be ended.

Activism by Northern California World Federalists and Democratic World Federalists

In 1949, a team including the President of the United World Federalists of California Alan Cranston and its Executive Director Robert Walker convinced the State Legislature to pass the California Resolution, the first of several post-war state resolutions calling for the United States to participate in a world constitutional convention.

In 1965, during the 20th anniversary of the drafting of the U.N. Charter in San Francisco, the World Congress of the World Association of World Federalists (successor to W.M.W.F.G.) was held in San Francisco.

In 1983 the World Federalist Association was organized from the chapters and members of the old United World Federalists, and the Northern California region became active again with a staffed office first in Oakland, then in San Francisco.

In 1989 and throughout the 1990s activists in Northern California supported Philadelphia-II and its sister organization, One World, a movement for direct democracy leading to a world constitutional convention through the citizens’ initiative.

Since 1992 D.W.F. has published the quarterly Toward Democratic World Federation, which provides articles from leading world federalist scholars, activist citizens and like-minded organizations on World Government and related current topics. (To access T.D.W.F. articles in D.W.F.’s e-archives click here.)

In 1993 when the World Federalist Association was promoting United Nations Reform, its Northern California branch played a major role in organizing a hearing in San Francisco of Congressman Jim Leach’s U.S. Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations. This took place in the Green Room of the War Memorial Building, where the Charter of the U.N. had been negotiated in 1945.

In 1995 W.F.A.’s Northern California branch hosted the XXIInd World Congress of the World Federalist Movement (successor to WAWF), and organized an all-day forum on “Restructuring the United Nations: Achieving Democratic Global Governance for the 21st Century” with speakers from fourteen countries.

During the 1990s a committee of W.F.M. Councillors from 11 countries on four continents headed by one from Northern California produced a pamphlet of democratic world federalist principles, which D.W.F. published as Federalism and the Right of People to Self-Government.

In 2004-05 activists of the former W.F.A./N.Ca. incorporated as a civil society educational body (coming under Section 501(c)(3) of the I.R.S. code) and, with citizens from a dozen countries active in its office and/or governance, it took the name Democratic World Federalists, as it attracted supporters of world federation from throughout the United States and on five continents.

In 2005 D.W.F. helped promote the launching of One World Democracy, written by two of its supporters.

Today, over sixty years after its foundation, D.W.F. promotes a democratic world federation and addresses contemporary global problems by e-mail, a quarterly publication, and outreach to media, politicians, educational institutions and libraries, and other civil society organizations.

Principles and objectives

The goal of D.W.F. is to end war and maintain peace, guarantee human rights, promote a just world community, and cope with environmental degradation and the squandering of natural resources. This can best be achieved through establishing a democratic federal world government. (For D.W.F.’s purposes and objectives, click here.)

Rather than using force to solve international conflicts, political and judicial structures and procedures would be used. Although democratically elected national governments would still be in charge of domestic affairs at the country level, world courts with enforceable judgments would be able to try perpetrators of international and world-level crimes.

Since its beginning, D.W.F. has been promoting a better understanding of good government at all levels, up to the global level in the form of a democratic world federation.

References

[1] See Democratic World Federalists website, http://www.dwfed.org/.

[2] Emery Reves, The Anatomy Peace (New York and London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1945–46)

[3] Barbara M. Walker, On the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution (Washington DC: World Federalist Association, 1987/1991)

[4] Ronald J. Glossop, World Federation? A Critical Analysis of Federal World Government (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1993)

[5] Barbara M. Walker, Uniting the Peoples and Nations; Readings in World Federalism (1993)

[6] Gilbert Jonas, One Shining Moment: A Short History of the American Student World Federalist Movement 1942-1953 (Lincoln, NE: iUniverse.com, 2001)

[7] Joseph P. Baratta, The Politics of World Federation (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004).

[8] Jerry Tetalman and Byron Belitos, One World Democracy; A Progressive Vision for Enforceable Global Law (San Rafael, CA: Origin Press, 2005)

KDUN

Het Comité voor een democratische Verenigde Naties (in het Engels: Committee for a Democratic United Nations, in het Duits: Komitee für eine demokratische UNO, afgekort: KDUN), sinds 2017 Democracy Without Borders is een in 2003 opgerichte internationale vereniging voor democratie op wereldschaal.

Het belangrijkste project was de Campagne voor een parlementaire vergadering bij de VN (UNPA).

Begin 2017 besloot de groep haar doelstelling te verbreden en de aanpak te veranderen en ging verder als Democracy Without Borders.


Op de Engelstalige Wikipedia :

Committee for a Democratic UN

Committee for a Democratic UN
Komitee für eine demokratische UNO
Abbreviation KDUN
Formation 2003
Type Nongovernmental organization
Purpose Advocates the "democratization and strengthening of the United Nations and other international organizations"
Headquarters Berlin
Affiliations International Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly

The Committee for a Democratic UN, or KDUN (for its German name "Komitee für eine demokratische UNO"), is a nongovernmental organization based in Berlin and founded in 2003[1] that advocates the "democratization and strengthening of the United Nations and other international organizations".[2].

In March 2017 the organization's name was changed to Democracy Without Borders.[3]

Goal

KDUN's mandate includes the goal "to facilitate a cosmopolitan orientation of society, an improvement of international relations and the establishment of global democracy and global rule of law." [4]

Specifically, it advocates the creation of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly and "internet governance structures which allow for maximum utility and freedom for individual users as global citizens." [5]

KDUN is co-founder and international Secretariat of the International Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly. Its Advisory Council includes politicians from the German, Swiss and European Parliament.[6] Its supporters include former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.[7]

It is associated member of the World Federalist Movement.[8]

See also

References

External links


WFM

De World Federalist Movement (WFM) (wereldfederalistische beweging of wereldverbond van wereldfederalisten) is een internationale koepel van verenigingen, waaronder de WFBN. Het hoofdkantoor bevindt zich in de stad New York.

www: wfm-igp.org


Op de Engelstalige Wikipedia :

World Federalist Movement

World Federalist Movement
WFM Logo.png
Formation 1947
Type Non-governmental organization
Purpose International relations, Federalism
Website http://www.wfm-igp.org/

The World Federalist Movement (WFM) is a global citizens movement that advocates the establishment of a global federal system of strengthened and democratic global institutions subjected to the principles of subsidiarity, solidarity and democracy.[1] Famous advocates of world federalism include Albert Einstein, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosika Schwimmer, Garry Davis, Emery Reves, Wendell Willkie, Jawaharlal Nehru, E. B. White and Lola Maverick Lloyd. The organization was created in 1947 by those concerned that the structure of the new United Nations was too similar to the League of Nations which had failed to prevent World War II, both being loosely structured associations of sovereign nation-states, with few autonomous powers.

The WFM International Secretariat is based in New York City, across from the headquarters of the United Nations, and has member and associate organizations around the world. The Movement has had Special Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1970 and is affiliated with the UN Department of Public Information (DPI) and a current board member of the Conference of NGOs (CONGO). It currently counts 30,000 to 50,000 supporters.

History

In the aftermath of World Wars I and II, activists around the world were forming organizations bent on creating a new international system that could prevent another global war.

The first world federalist organization was founded in 1937 by two famous feminists, pacifists, and female suffragists: Rosika Schwimmer and Lola Maverick Lloyd. In 1938, the Federal Union was organized in the United Kingdom.[2] In the U.S., Federal Union (now: Association to Unite the Democracies) was established in 1939 calling for a federation of the Atlantic democracies. The Swiss Internationale Bewegung der Weltföderalisten-Schweiz was created in Geneva in 1940. During World War II, anti-fascist resistance movements shared clandestinely circulated copies of Altiero Spinelli's plan for European federation and global federation. Spinelli later became one of the founding fathers of the European Union. In 1945, the Committee to Frame a World Constitution convened at the University of Chicago and drafted a Constitution for the World.[3] In 1947, five small world federalist organizations came together in Asheville, North Carolina and agreed to merge as the United World Federalists.

These five groups had, in the previous year, met with representatives of fifteen others in Montreux to discuss creating a worldwide federalist organization. It was one year later, in August 1947, also in Montreux, that more than 51 organizations from 24 countries came together at the Conference of the World Movement for World Federal Government. The Conference concluded with the Montreux Declaration.

By its second congress in 1948 in Luxembourg, the Movement consisted of 150,000 members of 19 nationalities and 50 member and affiliated organizations. The 350 participants in the Congress laid the groundwork for an association of parliamentarians for world government, which came into being in 1951.

Federalists had hoped that the anticipated UN review conference (under Article 109 of the UN Charter) in 1955 would move the UN further in the direction of a world federal system. Unfortunately, the lack of political will dissipated any interest in such a conference. Around 1965 however, the Movement had established offices near the United Nations, with American federalist Marion McVitty as the Movement's UN observer and advocate.

Federalists in this period focused on amendments to the United Nations Charter as a way forward. Most involved reforms to institutions such as a more representative Security Council, a World Court with compulsory jurisdiction and judicial review authority and a democratically elected General Assembly (or a world parliament). Federalists proposed a number of new institutions such as a commission on sustainable development, an international development authority, a standing peacekeeping corps and an international criminal court.

The Institute for Global Policy (IGP), founded in 1983 by the World Federalist Movement, is a research and policy institute dedicated to the promotion of human security, international justice, the prevention of armed conflict and the protection of civilians. The Institute emphasizes the democratization of international and regional organizations and the development and global application of international law. Most recently, WFM-IGP has been at the forefront of advocating for NGO access to international conferences and meetings.

Member organizations

WFM-IGP is composed of autonomous national and regional organizations organized by individual supporters in their respective countries. In applying to the governing Council for membership, organizations are asked to endorse the WFM Statement of Purpose and to demonstrate a "capacity to contribute to the enhancement of public and political support" for the Movement's goals.

The World Federalist Movement has Member Organizations (MOs) and Associate Organizations around the world, including Citizens for Global Solutions, Union of European Federalists, World Federalist Movement-Canada, The Universal Party, and the World Federalist Movement of Japan. Others include Democratic World Federalists, One World Trust, Committee for a Democratic UN, and the Ugandan World Federalists.[4] The WFM umbrella organization also includes the Coalition for the International Criminal Court and the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect.

Members

Historically, members have included:

In 2017, the WFM-IPC's executive committee included[5]:

  • Keith Best (Chair)
  • Bente Nielsen (Treasurer)
  • Fernando Iglesias (Council Chair)
  • Kjartan Almenning (Chair of CNSC)
  • Fergus Watt (Chair of PRC)
  • Karen Hamilton (WFM Secretary)
  • Joan Marc Simon (Member)
  • Becky Luff (Member)
  • W. James Arputharaj (Member)
  • William R. Pace (WFM Executive Director)

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.wfm-igp.org/our-movement/history
  2. ^ "History of Federal Union". Federal Union. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Guide to the Committee to Frame a World Constitution Records 1945-1951". The University of Chicago. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Our Members Around The World". World Federalist Movement. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "WFM-IGP Executive Committee". WFM-IPC. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 

External links